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السر في عزماتنا نحن الشباب ولا تخبو العزائم عندما تعلو بها الهمم
•••••
نحن المشاعل في طريق المجد تسبقنا انوارنا ولوهجها تتقهطر الظلم
نحن النجوم لوامع والليل يعرفنا .. والكون يعجب من تألقنا ويبتسم
•••••
في الروح اصرار و في اعماقنا امل .. لا يعتري خطواتنا يأس و لا سأم
و اذا الحياة مصاعب سنخوضها جلدا .. و اذا الجبال طريقها فطموحنا القمم
•••••
طاقاتنا قد وجهت للخير و انصهرت .. اطيافنا في وحدة والشمل ملتئم
في ظل حبكِ يا جدة تآلفت زمر .. ولصنع مجدكِ يا جدة تحالفت همم
•••••

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 قائمة الحاصلين على جائزة نوبل في الأدب

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مُساهمةموضوع: قائمة الحاصلين على جائزة نوبل في الأدب   السبت مارس 13, 2010 10:22 am

قائمة الحاصلين على جائزة نوبل في الأدب


Horace Engdahl, the former permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy, announcing that Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio won the 2008 Nobel Prize in Literature



تمنح جائزة نوبل للأداب سنوياً من قبل الأكاديمية السويدية، لأي مؤلف من أية دولة على أن يكون لديه حسب قول ألفريد نوبل
"إنتاج أكثر الأعمال روعة لنزعة مثالية"، العمل بهذا الشكل يشير إلى عمل
المؤلف ككل ، ومع ذلك أعمال الأفراد تذكر ويشاد بها أحياناً، الأكاديمية
السويدية تقرر من، لو أية شخص، سيتسلم الجائزة في أي سنة محددة، ويعلن
الشخص المختار في أوائل أكتوبر من كل عام.
المرة الولى لجائزة نوبل احدثت جدال واسع في بلدها الأصل السويد .حيث أن
الكلمة idealisk تعني idealistic مذهب مثالى و ideal مثالي ، في سنوات
مبكرة قررت اللجنة السويدية الألتزام بالمعنى الأقرب من نيةالوصية ، وترك
كتاب عالميين أمثال ليو تولستوي و هنريك إبسن
لم يفوزا بالجائزة ، من المحتمل لكونهم غير "idealistic" منتمين للمذهب
المثالي بما يكفي,في سنوات لاحقة الكلمة عدلت لتصبح أكثر عقلانية وتحررية,
والجائزة تسلم كما كان مسار الجدال دائما بهذه الطريقة.للأعمال الجديرة
والباقية أختيار الأكاديمية مازال يولد جدال, خصوصا لأختيار أناس مغموريين
أمثال داريو فو سنة 1997 و ألفريد جيلينيك عام 2004, جائزة نوبل ليست
المعيار الوحيد لأمتيازية الأعمال الأدبية والأعمال القيمة الباقية,
الناقدين لهذه الجائزة يشيروا إلى أن العديد من الكتاب البارزين لم يحصلوا
على الجائزة ، وحتى لم يرشحوا لها.
فهرست

[إخفاء]


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قائمة الفائزين




السنة الفائز البلد السبب
1901

سلي پرودوم
فرنسا
"in special recognition of his poetic composition, which
gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare
combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect"[1]
1902

تيودور مومسن
ألمانيا
"the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A History of Rome"[1]
1903

بيورنستيرن بيورنسون
النرويج
"as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry,
which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its
inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit"[1]
1904

فردريك مسترال
فرنسا
"in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration
of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery
and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work
as a Provençal philologist"[1]

خوسيه إتشيگاراي
اسبانيا
"in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions
which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great
traditions of the Spanish drama"[1]
1905

هنريك سينكيڤتش
بولندا
"because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"[1]
1906

جوزويه كاردوتشي
ايطاليا
"not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical
research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness
of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"[1]
1907

روديارد كبلنگ
المملكة المتحدة
"in consideration of the power of observation, originality of
imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration
which characterize the creations of this world-famous author"[1]
1908

رودلف أوكن
ألمانيا
"in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his
penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth
and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has
vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life"[1]
1909

سلمى لاگرلوف
السويد
"in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[1]
1910

پول ڤون هايس
ألمانيا
"as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with
idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career
as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short
stories"[1]
1911

موريس ماترلينك
بلجيكا
"in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and
especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth
of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the
guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way
they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their
imaginations"[1]
1912

گرهارت هاوپتمان
ألمانيا
"primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art"[1]
1913

رابندراناث طاغور
الهند
"because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful
verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought,
expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the
West"[1]
1914
حجبت
1915

رومان رولان
فرنسا
"as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary
production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has
described different types of human beings"[1]
1916

ڤرنر ڤون هايدنستام
السويد
"in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature"[1]
1917

كارل گيلوروب
الدنمارك
"for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals"[1]

هنريك پونتوپيدان
الدنمارك
"for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in الدنمارك"[1]
1918
حجبت
1919

كارل شبيتلر
سويسرا
"in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring"[1]
1920

كنوت همسون
النرويج
"for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil"[1]
1921

أناتول فرنسا
فرنسا
"in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements,
characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human
sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament"[1]
1922

جاسينتو بينابنتي
اسبانيا
"for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama"[1]
1923

وليم پتلر يتس
ايرلندا
"for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation"[1]
1924

فواديسواف ريمونت
بولندا
"for his great national epic, The Peasants"[1]
1925

جورج برنارد شو
ايرلندا
"for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity,
its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic
beauty"[1]
1926

گراتسيا ديليدا
ايطاليا
"for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic
clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and
sympathy deal with human problems in general"[1]
1927

هنري برجسون
فرنسا
"in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented"[1]
1928

سيگريد أوندست
النرويج
"principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[1]
1929

توماس مان
ألمانيا
"principally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature"[1]
1930

سنكلير لويس
الولايات المتحدة
"for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters"[1]
1931

اريك أكسل كارلفلت
السويد
"The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt"[1]
1932

جون گلزورثي
المملكة المتحدة
"for his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga"[1]
1933

إيڤان بونين
stateless domicile in فرنسا
"for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"[1]
1934

لويجي پيرانديلو
ايطاليا
"for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art"[1]
1935
حجبت
1936

أوجين أونيل
الولايات المتحدة
"for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy"[1]
1937

روجه مارتين دو گار
فرنسا
"for the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted
human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life
in his novel cycle Les Thibault"[1]
1938

پيرل بوك
الولايات المتحدة
"for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[1]
1939

گرانس اميل سيلانپا
Finland
"for his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and
the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and
their relationship with Nature"[1]
1940
حجبت
1941
حجبت
1942
حجبت
1943
حجبت
1944

يوهانس ڤلهلم ينسن
الدنمارك
"for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic
imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide
scope and a bold, freshly creative style"[1]
1945

غبريالا مسترال
تشيلي
"for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions,
has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire
Latin American world"[1]
1946

هرمان هيسه
سويسرا
"for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness
and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high
qualities of style"[1]
1947

أندريه جيد
فرنسا
"for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings,
in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a
fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight"[1]
1948

توماس ستيرنس اليوت
المملكة المتحدة
"for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry"[1]
1949

ويليام فوكنر
الولايات المتحدة
"for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel"[1]
1950

برتراند راسل
المملكة المتحدة
"in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"[1]
1951

بار لاگركڤست
السويد
"for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with
which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal
questions confronting mankind"[1]
1952

فرانسوا مورياك
فرنسا
"for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life"[1]
1953

ونستون تشرشل
المملكة المتحدة
"for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"[1]
1954

إرنست همنگواي
الولايات المتحدة
"for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"[1]

يتبع.......


























































































































































































































































































الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
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عدد المساهمات : 462
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: قائمة الحاصلين على جائزة نوبل في الأدب   السبت مارس 13, 2010 10:24 am

1955

هالدور لاكسنس
آيسلندا
"for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"[1]
1956

خوان رامون خيمنيز
اسبانيا
"for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"[1]
1957

ألبير كامو
فرنسا
"for his important literary production, which with
clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human
conscience in our times"[1]
1958

بوريس باسترناك
الاتحاد السوڤيتي
"for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"[1]
1959

سالڤاتوري كوازيمودو
ايطاليا
"for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"[1]
1960

سان جون پيرس
فرنسا
"for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his
poetry which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time"[1]
1961

إيڤو أندريتش
يوغسلاڤيا
"for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country"[1]
1962

جون شتاينبيك
الولايات المتحدة
"for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"[1]
1963

جيورجيوس سفريس
اليونان
"for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"[1]
1964

جان پول سارتر
فرنسا
"for his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit
of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching
influence on our age"[1]
1965

ميخائيل شولوخوف
الاتحاد السوڤيتي
"for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic
of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of
the Russian people"[1]
1966

شموئيل يوسف عجنون
إسرئيل
"for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people"[1]

نيلي ساكس
ألمانيا
"for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[1]
1967

ميگل أنخل أستورياس
گواتيمالا
"for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of الهندn peoples of Latin America"[1]
1968

ياسوناري كواباتا
اليابان
"for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the اليابانese mind"[1]
1969

صمويل بيكيت
إيرلندا
"for his writing, which - in new forms for the novel and drama - in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation"[1]
1970

ألكسندر سولجنيتسين
الاتحاد السوڤيتي
"for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"[1]
1971

پابلو نيرودا
تشيلي
"for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams"[1]
1972

هاينريش بول
ألمانيا الغربية
"for his writing which through its combination of a broad
perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has
contributed to a renewal of German literature"[1]
1973

پاتريك وايت
أستراليا
"for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature"[1]
1974

إيڤند جونسون
السويد
"for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom"[1]

هاري مارتنسون
السويد
"for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos"[1]
1975

أوجينيو مونتالي
ايطاليا
"for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic
sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook
on life with no illusions"[1]
1976

سول بيلو
الولايات المتحدة
"for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work"[1]
1977

ڤيسنته ألكسندر
اسبانيا
"for a creative poetic writing which illuminates man's
condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time
representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry
between the wars"[1]
1978

إساك سنجر
الولايات المتحدة
"for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a
Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to
life"[1]
1979

أوديسو إليتيس
اليونان
"for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek
tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual
clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness"[1]
1980

تشيسلاڤ ميلوش
بولندا
الولايات المتحدة
"who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"[1]
1981

إلياس كانيتي
المملكة المتحدة
"for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power"[1]
1982

گابريل گارسيا ماركيز
كولومبيا
"for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and
the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination,
reflecting a continent's life and conflicts"[1]
1983

وليم گولدنگ
المملكة المتحدة
"for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic
narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate
the human condition in the world of today"[1]
1984

ياروسلاڤ سيفرت
تشيكوسلوڤاكيا
"for his poetry which endowed with freshness, and rich
inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and
versatility of man"[1]
1985

كلود سيمون
فرنسا
"who in his novel combines the poet's and the painter's
creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the
human condition"[1]
1986

وولي سوينكا
نيجريا
"who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence"[1]
1987

جوزسيف برودسكي
الولايات المتحدة
"for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"[1]
1988

نجيب محفوظ
مصر
"who, through works rich in nuance - now clear-sightedly
realistic, now evocatively ambiguous - has formed an Arabian narrative
art that applies to all mankind"[1]
1989

كاميلو خوسيه ثيلا
اسبانيا
"for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability"[1]
1990

أكتاڤيو پاز
المكسيك
"for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity"[1]
1991

نادين گورديمير
جنوب أفريقيا
"who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"[1]
1992

دريك والكوت
جزر الأنتيل
"for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment"[1]
1993

توني موريسون
الولايات المتحدة
"who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[1]
1994

كنزابورو أوي
اليابان
"who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life
and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human
predicament today"[1]
1995

سيموس هيني
إيرلندا
"for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past"[1]
1996

ڤيسوافا شيمبورسكا
بولندا
"for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical
and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"[1]
1997

داريو فو
ايطاليا
"who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"[1]
1998

خوزيه ساراماگو
البرتغال
"who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and
irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality"[1]
1999

گونتر گراس
ألمانيا
"whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"[1]
2000

جاو كسينگجيان
فرنسا
"for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and
linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel
and drama"[1]
2001

فيديادر سوراجبراساد نيپول
المملكة المتحدة
"for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible
scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed
histories"[1]
2002

إمره كرتيس
المجر
"for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"[1]
2003

جون ماكسويل كويتزي
جنوب أفريقيا
"who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider"[1]
2004

الفريدي يلينيك
النمسا
"for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels
and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity
of society's clichés and their subjugating power"[1]
2005

هارولد پنتر
المملكة المتحدة
"who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"[1]
2006

أورهان باموك
تركيا
"who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city
has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures"[1]
2007

دوريس ليسينگ
المملكة المتحدة
"that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism,
fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to
scrutiny"[1]
2008

جان ماري گوستاف لو كليزيو
فرنسا
"author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual
ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning
civilization"[1]
2009

هرتا مولر
ألمانيا
"who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[
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